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Category: APPLIANCE MANUFACTURERS

Electricians Wales – Pat Testing Wales

“Electricians Wales” would like to notify all households to check their Christmas Lighting this year indoors and out. Christmas lights could pose a major fire hazard, according to new research from Which?. The consumer group carried out a series of tests on Christmas tree lights and found that nearly half could cause either a fire or an electric shock.

https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/christmas/christmas-lights-risk-fire-hazard-which-tree-danger-a9248311.html

How to do a PAT test Christmas lights?

One of the most common questions asked for in-service inspection and testing is ‘Do I need to PAT test Christmas tree lights’ or ‘How do I PAT Test Christmas tree lights’.

As with any electrical equipment one needs to take precautions especially if you are buying second-hand used items.

Not only this if you are buying new appliances such as a new cooker in time for your Christmas Gathering you must make sure your ‘Hot Zone’ is compliant as I had the misfortune to find out last year. You can read the article here.

It is very important to carry out a thorough visual inspection. Christmas tree lights are typically stored away in an attic or a shed for most of the year, however, due to weather changes the stored items may become damp, if not stored away safely, damage can occur during storage. You will need to consider the environment in which they are used as they can be used both indoors and outdoors and can also be installed in areas where you have the general public, young children, and even the vulnerable. When public safety is taken into account, one needs to protect everyone in order not to be liable.

Nowadays, almost all modern lights you come across will either be Low Voltage or Class II. Class 0 equipment has no basic insulation around the live conductors.
There is no supplementary insulation or earthing of exposed parts. In most cases, Class 0 equipment should fail the visual inspection and be removed from service. If in doubt throw it out or call an electrician.

Consider the age of your equipment and lighting. If it is old it may not be worth repairing and it would make more sense just to buy brand new. However, depending on your circumstances and your budget, you may be tempted to buy secondhand. With this said you should do your due diligence and weigh up the pros and cons before paying for something that could become a fire hazard.

So how you go about testing them will all depend on the equipment construction itself.

Most lights will be either low voltage (battery-powered/LED) or Class II running off transformers. Most won’t have earthing for fault protection or have any exposed conductive parts to carry out insulation resistance testing, so in most scenarios, a thorough visual inspection is all you can do.

If you would like “Electricians Wales” to inspect your equipment, appliances, and hot zones, all cabling, fittings, and plug top/battery compartment will be inspected, repaired and reports made to ensure the safety of your household and neighboring areas for any signs of damage or over-heating.

If the lights are Class I and have earth for fault protection, then they would
need to be treated as if they were any Class I electrical equipment carrying out as a minimum a thorough visual inspection (as above), earth continuity test,
insulation resistance test and then finally a function check. If the lights are
Class II with exposed conductive parts, then as a minimum, they would be
carried out with a thorough visual inspection (as above), insulation resistance
test and then finally a function check.


Things to consider when installing Christmas Tree lights:

  1. Make sure the lights and equipment are not damaged.
  2. Make sure they are not causing a trip hazard.
  3. Make sure the wiring is not bent and the cabling twisted, bent or broken.
  4. Make sure the cabling is not wrapped or tangled together which can fuse the wires and cause a fire hazard.
  5. Make sure you have not overloaded you plugs and multiway adapters.
  6. Make sure your extension leads are pat tested and not overloaded.
  7. Only use lighting outdoors if specified its safe to do so by the manufacturer.
  8. Do not try to be a handy manny if you have no clue about electrics.
  9. If you are buying cooker appliances make sure the surrounding areas where the cooker i supposed to go is Hot Zone compliant because your appliances will not be fitted otherwise.
First Phase Electrical Wales – Electricians Wales Promo Video Courtesy Of UK Website Designers

#firstphaseelectricalwales #electricianswales #pattestingwales #landlord electricalsafetyinspections #landlordelectricians

Can Landlords Delegate Annual Gas Safety Checks with a Tenant?

Annual Gas Safety Checks.

Can a landord delegate gas safety checks and maintenance with a tenant.

The answer is NO.

https://www.hse.gov.uk/gas/domestic/faqlandlord.htm

Landlords Obligations.

Regardless who bought or installed the appliance it is still the landlords responsibility to make sure the appliance is safe to use, as he has the responsibility of all the occupants in his property and adjacent properties to make sure there are no faults.

A gas engineer or landlord should not expect the tenant to pay for a Gas safety check on the tenants appliance if the tenant is paying rent to include maintenace and services.

If the appliance developed a fault and caused an accident the landlord would be liable and at fault for not having a gas safety check done. Not only is he/she safeguarding his/her tenants he is also safeguarding his property. The landlords building insurance would be null and void if he did not have a gas safety check on an appliance fitted by him/herself or the tenant.

Furthermore if a gas engineer tries to say that he will not be doing a gas safety check because it is the tenants appliance, then the gas engineer is at fault as all gas appliances have to be checked regardless who bought them.

For further information visit:

https://www.hse.gov.uk/gas/domestic/faqlandlord.htm

According to Gas Safe Register.

It is the tenants responsibility to do an annual gas safety check on their Gas Cooker, which contradicts the hse.gov.uk website FAQ.

This is the screenshot of the email I received from Gas Safe Register today:

https://www.gassaferegister.co.uk/contact-us/

GAS SAFE REGISTER

Gas Safe Register website also mentions they are governed by HSE screenshot below that it is the tenants responsibility to make sure their appliance is in good working order and have an annual gas safety check.

https://www.gassaferegister.co.uk/help-and-advice/renting-a-property/information-for-landlords/

According to the Law:

Under section 11 of the Landlord and Tenant Act 1985, the landlord is responsible to:

  1. to keep in repair the structure and exterior of the dwelling, including drains, gutters and external pipes,
  2. to keep in repair and proper working order the installations in the dwelling for the supply of water, gas, electricity and for sanitation (including basins, sinks, baths and sanitary conveniences.
  3. to keep in repair and proper working order the installation in the dwelling for space heating and heating water .

Gas.

Gas safety is at a highest priority in rented properties. All gas appliances, fittings, installations, pipes and flues must be kept in perfect working condition.  This applies to communal and private areas, regardless of whether tenants have access.

All landlords are required to arrange an annual gas safety check by a Gas Safe registered engineer. They must earn a gas safe certificate or make improvements prior to letting to tenants. The certificate must be made available to every tenant prior to moving in and must be kept for at least two years.

It is absolutely illegal for anyone to knowingly use unsafe gas equipment. Treat the matter with highest regard ! Always require the gas safety certificate prior to renting a property.

https://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1985/70/section/11

Carbon Monoxide Alarms.

From 1 Oct 2015 the Smoke and Carbon Monoxide Alarm Regulations 2015 came into force, which means all private rented sector landlords have an obligation by law to have at least one smoke alarm installed on every floor of their properties and a carbon monoxide alarm in any room where solid fuel is used. 

For more information on licensed landlords in Wales please visit:

https://www.rentsmart.gov.wales/en/home/

For information about Carbon Monoxide Alarms (I assume if the law has been passed in England then it should also apply to Wales Scotland and Ireland):

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/smoke-and-carbon-monoxide-alarms-explanatory-booklet-for-landlords/the-smoke-and-carbon-monoxide-alarm-england-regulations-2015-qa-booklet-for-the-private-rented-sector-landlords-and-tenants

For Piece of Mind if I were a Landlord for the sake of £15 to £30 per household I would fit a Carbon Monoxide Alarm. It is just common sense.

FINAL THOUGHTS.

There is some contradicting information from other sources about the Gas Safety Responsibilities by a landlord and tenant and it seems a bit of a grey area accoording to: https://www.thetenantsvoice.co.uk/advice_from_us/repairs-overview/#how_does_the_law_assigns_responsibilities_for_repair_and_maintenance the landlord is not responsible for any electrical appliance that the tenant has installed in their property. Their maintenance is at the discretion of the tenant. But there is NO MENTION ABOUT GAS COOKERS which have been bought by the tenant??

🤔

In my opinion it should be the landlords responsibility to make sure all gas appliances are checked regardless who bought them. If anything went wrong the landlord is protected and so is his tenants.

There should be a clause in the tenants agreement if the tenant has purchased the appliance with a fixed fee added to their rent or the tenant needs to appoint a gas engineer of their choosing and provide a gas safety check certificate.

For the sake of Home Insurance the Home Owner should not rely on a third party (i,e the tenant) to carry out a Gas Safety Check and should arrange it him or herself with a Competent Gas Registered Engineer.

However as it stands one cannot leave the onus on the tenant, not all tenants are internet savvy and will not do the research as I have and MAY NOT KNOW THE LAW and if it is not written into the tenants contract, then this opens up a can of worms.

Furthermore EVERY Gas Engineers, Electrical Engineers and Gas, Electrical and Appliance Manufacturers and Retailers website’s should have LINKS and have information about:

  1. Hotzones
  2. Carbon Monoxide Alarms
  3. Gas Safety Checks and Landlord and Tenant Resposibilities and the law.

***I have contacted HSE for comment and am awaiting on their reply. I will update this post as soon as hear from them.

BEING SAFE IS PARAMOUNT.

All Landords, Gas & Electrical Engineers need to be trained about HotZones and Carbon Monoxide Alarms – So far I have opened a can of worms.

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